The NWT Association of Communities (NWTAC) organized a climate change forum to bring together communities, governments and other partners in an interactive format to move the climate adaptation agenda forward. With 166 attendees from across the Northwest Territories (NWT) and beyond—including 25 out of 33 NWT communities—the event encouraged networking, learning and co-creation of solutions. It resulted in a strategy and action plan, several resolutions, increased dialogue among governments, communities and climate partners, and a wave of new projects and subscription to federal funding among rural, northern communities who otherwise had limited staff and resources to work on climate action. The project was part of the Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program (MCIP).

Read this case study to discover how to develop a forum to support climate action in small or remote communities.

Key success factors

  • The forum focused on community climate adaptation action given the challenges facing northern and rural communities.
  • It was a northern-designed solution, tailored to address the specific environmental, economic and social context of participating communities.
  • The participant list was carefully curated and composed of a variety of organizations.
  • The participatory design, the interactive delivery, and the funding to support community attendance were all aimed at maximizing participation and collaboration.
  • The resources developed through the forum, such as the graphic report and the adaptation strategy, have proven to be useful in communicating key messages from the forum.

What climate challenges do communities in the Northwest Territories face?

As climate change progresses, temperatures are rising dramatically in the Northwest Territories (NWT), causing changes to important environmental features like ice, permafrost, water, vegetation and wildlife. As a result, communities in the region are facing environmental, economic and social challenges that affect health, safety, food security, infrastructure, and economic and cultural activities. A lack of staffing and resources have hampered efforts to make climate change central to all decision-making.

The Government of the Northwest Territories had released its 2030 NWT Climate Change Strategic Framework and accompanying action plan in 2018. But more work still needed to be done to understand community needs and challenges and identify strategies for community resilience, as well as to adequately resource the framework’s implementation (in terms of budget and human resources).

The NWT Association of Communities (NWTAC) hosted a climate change forum in October 2018 to explore the challenges facing communities and work to uncover opportunities for collaborative solutions. The event brought together communities and several orders of government as well as other climate change partners. The NWTAC hosted an in-person event with an interactive format to foster collaboration, incubate partnerships, co-create solutions, and help develop climate skills in communities. The format also helped collect input from communities that are on a wide spectrum of adaptation readiness.

Standing man in blue shirt holds a microphone as he presents to sitting forum attendees, projected behind him is a screen saying 2018 Climate Change Forum and Charrette.
Photo by Jennifer Broadbridge

What steps were involved in the project?

NWTAC worked in partnership with the non-profit organization Ecology North to organize the forum, starting in 2017. Two project advisory boards, one focused on adaptation and another on energy, helped design and deliver the event. The boards included volunteers from communities, NGOs and the federal and territorial governments. In addition to a grant from MCIP, further sources of funding from government, sponsorships and registration fees as well as in-kind contributions made the event possible. From the start, the forum was conceived as a northern-designed solution to local challenges, an approach that proved key to its success.

NWTAC invited communities from across the NWT, providing funding for their travel and accommodation so that cost would not be a barrier. Each community could send up to two people—one elected official and one staff member. Representatives of the Yukon and Nunavut—northern jurisdictions that face similar challenges—attended as observers. The 166 attendees included representatives of communities, Indigenous, territorial and federal governments and organizations, NGOs, technical experts, researchers, funders and students. Also invited were catalyst organizations with the ability to support communities in their efforts, for example by writing proposals and supporting project management.

The event was designed to encourage participation, networking and peer-to-peer learning. At interactive issue tables, participants and subject matter experts discussed the key climate change impacts facing communities. Individual communities shared success stories and discussed their processes and best practices. Presentations on tools and resources were another learning opportunity. A key goal was to create an incubator-type environment, with opportunities for participants to network, form strategic partnerships, and learn more about how to access funding. The forum was an iterative process that culminated in charrette tables where participants met with others from their home region to discuss regional challenges, opportunities and partnership issues. There were five charrettes, one each for the following regions: Inuvik (Beaufort Delta Region); Sahtu; Dehcho; South Slave; and North Slave.

Charrette depicting the Sahtu Region’s climate priorities. Credit: Alison McCreesh
Charrette depicting the Sahtu Region’s climate priorities. Credit: Alison McCreesh

What was achieved?

After the event concluded, NWTAC produced a summary of the proceedings, a graphic report, copies of the presentations and participant contact information (to facilitate ongoing networking). Based on the insights and priorities identified at the forum, NWTAC published its Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan in February 2019.

The forum allowed communities and subject matter experts to exchange up-to-date information on the state of climate change adaptation in the NWT. Communities were able to voice their priorities and concerns to all orders of government, as well as to researchers, funders and other organizations. Although the participating communities started from widely varying points in terms of their climate actions to date, the forum helped propel them all further forward on the journey towards resilience.

NWTAC developed its Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan based on the priorities and solutions identified during the forum. The strategy identifies several key strategic directions related to energy and climate change, as well as an action plan for NWTAC to help communities address climate change. It also discusses the role of government partners (federal, territorial and Indigenous governments), NGOs and researchers.

With input from forum participants, NWTAC also prepared several resolutions that – along with the Strategy and Action Plan – were unanimously endorsed by the organization’s membership at the February 2019 Annual General Meeting. These resolutions are an important communication tool, providing clear and robust messaging for NWTAC to use. The territorial and federal governments have reviewed and accepted the resolutions. Although fiscal constraints are an ongoing issue, there is greater understanding of the need to work together.

Emerging from the forum include a graphic report displaying key issues and regional priorities, and an informative video highlighting the challenges facing communities and suggesting some solutions (such as simpler funding programs). Finally, two annual awards (on resilience and energy efficiency) have been created as a result of the forum, helping to recognize and highlight achievements within communities.

The forum moved the climate change agenda forward in different ways for all the communities, and some have developed projects and applied for federal funding as a direct result of their participation. Other jurisdictions have expressed interest in hosting similar events.

Insights and lessons learned

  • Inclusion was intentional: Providing funding for travel and accommodation enabled the participation of what are often very remote communities spread out over a vast territory.
  • Flexibility was an asset: For example, due to the complicated governance structures in the NWT, NWTAC had not initially fully involved Indigenous governments. The association soon realized the importance of Indigenous governments as partners in moving the climate change agenda forward and secured federal funding enabling representatives to participate.
  • Significant human resources were required: The time spent by the two NWTAC staff members, Ecology North and the advisory board members added up to many hundreds of hours—much more than originally planned.
  • The balance between community and non-community attendees was carefully thought through: Because of the high level of interest, NWTAC set limits on how many participants each government and organization could send, ensuring a good mix of participants. Emphasis was placed on integrating Indigenous traditional knowledge within the event since it is such an important component of climate knowledge.
  • Funding and networks matter: Two keys to the forum’s success were the networks that NWTAC and Ecology North already had in place on the climate change file and having sufficient funding to do the collaborative preparatory work required for an effective event and to generate the post-forum reports.
  • The interactive quality of the forum was critical: The emphasis on communication was key, as was the ability to learn and share from peer to peer. Similarly, providing opportunities to break out into small groups allowed for much better participation from community members. Past events have shown that a traditional format, based on presentations with Q&A opportunities, yields little feedback or dialogue.
  • Communities with limited capacity need support: The participation of catalyst organizations—those able to support communities in their efforts to write proposals and manage projects—was seen as critical for NWT communities who lack the human resources and budgets to take on these tasks.
  • Charting desired outcomes could improve event design: Thinking more closely about the requirements for actual implementation of actions post-forum might have led to a decision to give regional and Indigenous governments more of a leadership role during the event, to help create stronger momentum for action.
  • Event outputs can matter, if done well: The strategy and resolutions that emerged from the forum are extremely valuable communication tools for NWTAC. Similarly, the graphic report produced has proven to be an important tool for communicating the key messages regarding climate action in the NWT.
  • Monitoring is key to really understanding the success of this type of event: An analysis of the uptake of forum-related actions and recommendations into the documents of other organizations and government bodies has been delayed by COVID-19, which has taken some of the focus off climate change.

"The design of the forum was critical to its success. We focused on developing knowledge and skills, as well as networking, and used participatory approaches to get participants to co-design and really buy into solutions by the North and for the North. In the end, we got so much more out of the forum than we had expected."

– Sara Brown, Chief Executive Officer, Northwest Territories Association of Communities

A plan for the future

Responsibility for implementation of the NWTAC Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan is shared amongst the communities, governments and organizations that participated in the forum. No timeline was established for the strategy and action plan, and in 2020, the unexpected challenge of COVID-19 has delayed progress. However, association staff and communities are working to move the agenda forward. NWTAC plans to review and update the strategic plan regularly—after annual reviews by the association’s members—and treat it as a living document that will reflect changing circumstances and new information.

By the numbers

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MCIP grant

Green community

25 out of 33 communities

From the NWT represented

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From planning to report

Green checklist


Forum attendees

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Nine resolutions

Adopted by NWTAC

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Climate Change Strategy

As a key forum output

Related resources

Forum website:


Sara Brown
Chief Executive Officer, Northwest Territories Association of Communities


This project was part of the Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program (MCIP), a five-year, $75 million program funded by Infrastructure Canada and delivered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM).

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This resource was developed by the Municipalities for Climate Innovation Program (2017-2022). This program was delivered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and funded by the Government of Canada.

For more information on climate action funding, resources and training, please visit FCM’s Green Municipal Fund. For more information on asset management and climate resilience grants, training and resources please visit FCM’s Municipal Asset Management Program.

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