Kamloops, British Columbia
TravelSmart is a broad-based program that reduces urban sprawl and travel demand in Kamloops through land use and transportation system management, neighbourhood design and the promotion of alternative transportation.
The City of Kamloops, British Columbia, witnessed considerable growth during the 1990s that placed additional demands on its transportation system. Due to increased environmental awareness and a reduction in public acceptance of government spending, Kamloops needed to find new ways to maintain mobility without spending large amounts of money on road infrastructure. The city therefore launched TravelSmart in January 1997 under the umbrella of its Official Community Plan. Instead of building new roads to accommodate land use plans, TravelSmart integrated land use and transportation planning and focused on alternative neighbourhood designs and travel modes (including transit system options) and on promoting changes in travel behaviour.
TravelSmart is expected to yield dramatic environmental and economic results; however, at the time of writing, the impact of this project has not yet been fully measured.
The anticipated future road costs required before Kamloops reaches a population of 100,000 were reduced from $120 million to $14 million.
Energy Efficiency and Air Pollution and Greenhouse Gas Reduction
TravelSmart is expected to reduce energy consumption from 128 to 125 gigajoules per capita per year. This corresponds to a reduction in carbon monoxide from 116 to 111 kg per capita per year and a reduction of carbon dioxide from 7,200 to 7,000kg per capita per year.
- The most critical component of TravelSmart was a shift in travel behaviour and public attitudes. Kamloops recognized that an ongoing awareness campaign and community involvement would be required to sustain TravelSmart.
- A wide range of partnerships enhanced communication.
- Setting an environmental precedent within the city's municipal operations provided a role model for the community.
- The integration of land use and transportation planning can have a significant effect on the affordability of providing an efficient transportation system that balances livability and mobility goals.