First Nation – Municipal Planning
First Nations and municipalities both use a variety of planning approaches, two of the most common appear below:
- Comprehensive Community Planning is a holistic process that enables a community to build a roadmap to sustainability, self-sufficiency and improved governance capacity. These overarching plans are created through a community-led process and address key planning areas, all of which are interrelated and interdependent: governance, land and resources, health, infrastructure development, culture, social issues and the economy. AANDC published a Comprehensive Community Planning for First Nations in British Columbia
- All provinces and territories require local governments to develop Official Plans (also known as Comprehensive Community Plans, General Municipal Plans or Official Community Plans) that incorporate the vision and framework for land use and development in their community. Most Official Plans integrate land use, economic, environmental, transportation and community facilities into a broad strategy to direct growth and development in a sustainable manner. For more information, contact your province or territory's municipal affairs department.
- Your Guide to Municipal Institutions in Canada offers an overview of Canadian municipalities. It includes information on responsibilities by province or territory, how municipal taxation works, and decision-making and democratic processes.
Other processes and trends that are relevant for First Nation and municipal planning include:
- The National Aboriginal Economic Development Board (NAEDB): Additions to Reserve: Improving the Economic Success of Urban Additions to Reserves Part One 2014 (32 pages) and Part Two 2015 (101 pages): this study examines the cases of six First Nations with reserves adjacent to urban centres and estimates the substantial fiscal and economic benefits they have achieved for both themselves and the neighbouring municipalities.
- Treaty Implementation in BC: A Path Forward. A resource guide to support Treaty First Nation, regional district and local government collaboration and planning. 2012 (82 pages): a resource guide with tools create to help Treaty First Nations, regional districts and local governments improve regional planning, collaboration and service delivery as treaties are implemented across BC.
- Community to Community Forum: Jointly organized by the Union of British Columbia Municipalities and the First Nations Summit, regional Community to Community (C2C) Forums bring together First Nations and local governments from across BC to discuss common goals and opportunities for joint action. Since 1999 close to 500 Regional C2C Forums have been held in communities across the province.
Page Updated: 08/11/2016